2nd Class City
in the Bethel Census Area
- Area Type
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- 2013 DCCED Certified Estimate
- Pronunciation/Other Names
- (kal' skag); a.k.a. Kalskag
- Community's Judicial District
- Recording District
- Census Designated Place (CDP)
- Borough/Census Area FIPS Code
- Place FIPS
Geography and Climate
- Upper Kalskag (Kalskag) is located on the north bank of the Kuskokwim River, 2 miles upriver from Lower Kalskag. It lies 30 miles west of Aniak, 99 miles northeast of Bethel, and 348 miles west of Anchorage.
- The climate in Upper Kalskag is semi-arctic with influences from the Bering Sea. Annual snowfall averages 60 inches, with total precipitation of 19 inches. Temperatures range from -55 to 87 °F. The Kuskokwim is ice-free from mid-June through October.
- Community Map Available
- Map URL
- Sq Mi Land
- Sq Mi Water
History and Culture
- In 1898, Nicholas Kameroff, Sr., Olinga (Avakumoff) Kameroff, and their eight children first settled the community. The village was a fish camp known as "Kessiglik." Around 1900, residents of "Kalthagamute" began to move to the village. In 1930 the BIA established a government school, and by 1932 residents of neighboring communities had relocated to Kalskag. In 1940 Paul Kameroff, Sr., established a general store, post office, coffee shop, and barging company. At this time, the community owned and worked a herd of 2,100 reindeer. During the 1930s, Russian Orthodox practitioners in the village relocated to establish Lower Kalskag, three miles to the southwest. The villagers who remained were primarily Roman Catholic practitioners. The city was incorporated in 1975.
- Upper Kalskag is a Yup'ik Eskimo village that was strongly influenced by the Roman Catholic Church. Today, subsistence activities are an important component of the lifestyle.
- Federally Recognized Tribe
- Name of Federally Recognized Tribe
- Village of Kalskag
- Local Option Restrictions
- Sale of alcohol is banned.
Facilities, Utilities, and Health Care
- Municipal Facilities & Utilities
- Watering Point, Piped Sewar, (YKHC RUC), Electric (AVEC), Health Clinic, Public Safety Officer, Bulk Fuel Facility and Operation, AVEC Operators
- A state-maintained 4.2-mile gravel road connects Upper and Lower Kalskag. The Kuskokwim River affords easy access by skiff in summer and snow machine in winter. Barges deliver cargo and bulk fuel during the summer. The state-owned gravel airstrip is shared by Kalskag and Lower Kalskag. Daily scheduled air services deliver passengers, mail, and other cargo year-round. Winter trails exist to Russian Mission (25 mi) and Aniak (15 mi).
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection
- Community's Senate District
- Community's House District