2nd Class City
in the North Slope Borough
- Area Type
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- 2013 DCCED Certified Estimate
- Pronunciation/Other Names
- (an ack too' vick); a.k.a. Naqsragmiut Tribe
- Census Designated Place (CDP)
- Borough/Census Area FIPS Code
- Place FIPS
Election, Recording, and Judicial Districts
- Senate District
- House District
- Judicial District
- Recording District
Facilities and Amenities
- Municipal Facilities & Utilities
- Bingo/Pull Tabs and Recreation
Geography and Climate
- Anaktuvuk Pass, at 2,200 feet elevation on the divide between the Anaktuvuk and John Rivers in the central Brooks Range, is the last remaining settlement of the Nunamiut (inland northern Inupiat Eskimo).
- Community Map Available
- Map URL
- Sq Mi Land
- Sq Mi Water
- The climate of Anaktuvuk Pass is strongly continental. Due to its high elevation, summers are cool. The average temperature in January is -14 °F. The average summer temperature is 50 °F. Extremes ranging from a low of -56 to a high of 91 °F have been recorded. Precipitation averages 11 inches and snowfall averages 63 inches per year.
History and Culture
- Nunamiut bands left the Brooks Range and scattered due to the scarcity of caribou in 1926-27 and also because of cultural changes brought by the influx of western settlers. In 1938, however, several Nunamiut families left the coast and returned to the mountains at Killik River and Chandler Lake. In 1949, the Chandler Lake group moved to Anaktuvuk Pass ("the place of caribou droppings"), where they were later joined by the Killik River group. This settlement attracted Nunamiut from many other locations, and villagers today lead a more sedentary lifestyle than in earlier nomadic times. The city was incorporated in 1959. A Presbyterian church was constructed in 1966.
- Anaktuvuk Pass is a Nunamiut Eskimo community dependent upon subsistence activities.
- Indigenous Language
- Federally Recognized Tribe
- Name of Federally Recognized Tribe
- Village of Anaktuvuk Pass
- Local Option Restrictions
- Ban sale, importation, and possession of alcohol.
- Incorporation Type
- 2nd Class City
- Public Education
- Not permitted to provide this service.
- Planning, Platting and Land Use Regulation
- Not required to exercise the powers in any circumstance, but may be permitted in all cases in the manner described for first class cities.
- Property Tax Powers
- May tax up to 20 mills, except where a higher levy is required to avoid default. Voter approval required.
- Sales Tax Powers
- No limit on the rate of levy of sales taxes; however, voter approval is required.
- Other Powers Not Prohibited
- May exercise other powers not prohibited by law.
- City Council or Assembly Composition and Apportionment
- 7 members elected at-large, except the council may provide for election other than at-large.
- Election and Term of Mayor
- Elected from the city council for a 1-year term, unless a longer term is provided by ordinance. Mayor selected by council (or by voters upon adoption of ordinance).
- Vote by Mayor
- Votes on all matters.
- Veto Power of the Mayor
- Does not have veto power.
- Power of Eminent Domain
- Permitted, but requires voter approval.
- Ability to Attain Home-Rule Status
- May not adopt home-rule charter without first reclassifying to a first-class city.
- A gravel airstrip is owned and operated by the North Slope Borough and provides Anaktuvuk Pass with year-round access. There is no road to Anaktuvuk Pass, all goods and services are received by air. Snow machines and ATVs are used for local transportation.
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection