in the Matanuska-Susitna Borough
- Area Type
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- 2013 Department of Labor Estimate
- Pronunciation/Other Names
- (kuh nick'); formerly Knik
- Community's Judicial District
- Census Designated Place (CDP)
- Borough/Census Area FIPS Code
- Place FIPS
Geography and Climate
- Knik-Fairview is on the northwest bank of the Knik Arm of Cook Inlet, 37 road miles northwest of Anchorage in the Mat-Su Borough. It lies south of Wasilla, Big Lake, and Meadow Lakes, off of Knik-Goose Bay Road and Fairview Loop Road.
- The average temperatures in January range from -28 to 39 °F and in July from 44 to 83 °F. Annual precipitation averages 16.5 inches, with 48 inches of snowfall.
- Community Map Available
- Sq Mi Land
- Sq Mi Water
History and Culture
- Knik is a Dena'ina (Tanaina) Athabascan Indian name meaning "fire," which originally applied to several villages at the head of Cook Inlet. A Russian Orthodox mission was in Knik as early as 1835. The primary village was listed as "Kinik" in the 1880 U.S. Census. During the 1880s, George Palmer's store thrived off of the local fur trade. Gold found in Interior Alaska in 1908 caused prospectors and suppliers to disembark at Knik. Construction of the Iditarod Trail brought mail from Knik to Nome and shipments of gold by dog team to meet the boat at Knik. At its peak between 1913 and 1915, the town was home to 500 people during the summer and 1,000 during the winter. Knik had four docks, two general stores, two hotels, one saloon, one drug store, two physicians, one barber shop, and a grade school. It is said that more Dena'ina lived in Knik than did white settlers and miners. When the Alaska Railroad bypassed Knik in 1915, residents relocated to Anchorage and Wasilla. Camp 13 of the Matanuska Colony, with 6 farms, was established along Fairview Road in 1935. Land was also homesteaded by veterans after World War II and the Korean War. Most of the historic docks and commercial district were destroyed in the 1960s when the Knik-Goose Bay Road was constructed. Low housing costs, the semi-rural lifestyle, and a tolerable commute to Anchorage have all supported growth in the Mat-Su Valley.
- This community is relatively large and its poulation is diverse. Knik is a check-point for the Iditarod Sled Dog Race and is called the 'Dog Mushing Center of the World.' High-school students are bused to Wasilla. Knik has long been home to Tanaina Athabascans.
- Federally Recognized Tribe
- Name of Federally Recognized Tribe
- See the community of Knik.
Facilities, Utilities, and Health Care
- The George Parks Highway, Glenn Highway, and other local roads connect the area to Anchorage, the remainder of the state, and Canada. The Alaska Railroad serves the Fairbanks to Seward route. The Wasilla and Palmer airports provide scheduled commuter and air taxi services. Float planes land at Wasilla Lake, Jacobsen Lake, and Lake Lucille. There are ten additional private airstrips in the vicinity. Commercial jet flights are operated out of Anchorage International Airport.
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection
- Community's Senate District
- Community's House District