Kodiak Island Borough
2nd Class Borough
- Area Type
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- 2013 DCCED Certified Estimate
- Pronunciation/Other Names
- (koh' dee ack); includes Shoonaq'
- Census Designated Place (CDP)
- Borough/Census Area FIPS Code
Geography and Climate
- Kodiak Island is located on the western side of the Gulf of Alaska. It lies 252 air miles south of Anchorage (a 55-minute flight) and is a 3-hour flight from Seattle.
- The climate of the Kodiak Islands is dominated by a strong marine influence. There is little or no freezing weather, moderate precipitation, and frequent cloud cover and fog. Severe storms are common from December through February. Annual precipitation averages 60 inches on the windward side of the island and 40 inches on the leeward side. Temperatures remain within a narrow range, from 32 to 62 °F.
- Community Map Available
- Sq Mi Land
- Sq Mi Water
History and Culture
- Kodiak Island has been inhabited since 8,000 BC and was settled by Russian fur trappers in 1792. Sea otter pelts were the primary incentive for Russian exploration at that time. Kodiak was the first capital of Russian Alaska, which moved to Sitka when Alaska was purchased by the U.S. in 1867. Since the Aleutian Campaign of World War II, several branches of the military have maintained a presence in Kodiak. The 1960s brought growth in commercial fisheries and fish processing. The borough was incorporated in 1963.
- The island culture is grounded in commercial and subsistence fishing activities and is primarily non-Native. A Russian Orthodox church seminary is based in Kodiak, one of the two existing seminaries of this kind in the U.S. The US Coast Guard plays an important role in the borough.
- Federally Recognized Tribe
Facilities, Utilities, and Health Care
- Municipal Facilities & Utilities
- Refuse Collection, Landfill, Hospital, Schools, Fire, Fisheries Research Center, Transit, Tourism Development, Community & Economic Development, Child Care Assistance, Building Safety, Roads, Arts Council, First Responder/EMS
- Kodiak is accessible by air and sea. The state-owned Kodiak airport has three asphalt runways. Kodiak Municipal Airport offers another shorter, paved runway for small aircraft. Two passenger airlines serve Kodiak with several daily flights to and from Anchorage, and a number of air taxi services provide flights to five remote villages only accessible by boat or aircraft. City-owned seaplane bases at Trident Basin and Lilly Lake accommodate floatplane traffic. The Alaska Marine Highway System operates a ferry service between Kodiak and Homer, as well as other ports as far west as Dutch Harbor. The Port of Kodiak includes 2 boat harbors with 600 boat slips up to 160 feet in length. Three deep-draft piers accommodate ferries, cruise ships, container ships, military vessels and a variety of large commercial fishing vessels. Boat launch ramps and 150 ton vessel lift are also available. The City of Kodiak opened a shipyard in 2010. Vessels up to 42 feet by 180 feet and 660 tons can be lifted for maintenance and rebuild. A breakwater on Near Island provides another 60 acres of mooring space at St. Herman Harbor. Approximately 140 miles of state roads connect island communities on the east side of the island.
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection
- Incorporation Type
- 2nd Class Borough