North Slope Borough
Non-Unified Home Rule Borough
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- 2013 Department of Labor Estimate
- Community's Judicial District
Geography and Climate
- The North Slope Borough is the largest borough in Alaska, over 15% of the state's total land area. It consists primarily of the north and northeastern coast of Alaska, including the Brooks Range and most American land north of the Arctic Circle.
- The borough's climate is arctic. Temperatures range from -56 to 78 °F. Precipitation is light, with an average of 5 inches a year and snowfall averaging 20 inches a year.
- Community Map Available
- Map URL
- Sq Mi Land
- Sq Mi Water
History and Culture
- Inupiat Eskimos have lived in the region for centuries, active in trading between Alaskan and Canadian bands. Atqasuk was a source of coal during World War II. Oil exploration in the 1960s led to the development of the huge reserves in Prudhoe Bay and, subsequently, the Trans-Alaska Pipeline in the 1970s. The borough incorporated in 1972. Today, oil operations support between 4,000 and 5,000 oil company and support service employees in the region. After the passage of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANCSA) in 1971, families from Barrow re-settled the abandoned villages of Atqasuk and Nuiqsut.
- The majority of permanent residents are Inupiat Eskimos. Traditional marine mammal hunts and other subsistence practices are an active part of the culture.
- Federally Recognized Tribe
Facilities, Utilities, and Health Care
- Municipal Facilities & Utilities
- Village Water & Wastewater Systems, Washeterias, Electric, Airports, Landfills, Refuse, Prudhoe Bay Refuse & Wastewater, Schools, Police, Fire, Search & Rescue, Health Clinics, Social Services, Day Care, Transit Facilities, Planning, Roads, Housing Program, RELI Loans, Home Assistance Loans, Wildlife Management, Libraries, Museum, Ilisagvik College
- Air travel provides the only year-round access, while land transportation provides seasonal access. The Dalton Highway provides road access to Deadhorse at Prudhoe Bay, though it is restricted during winter months. "Cat-trains" are sometimes used to transport freight over land from Barrow during the winter.
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection