Aleutians East Borough
2nd Class Borough
- Area Type
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- 2013 DCCED Certified Estimate
- Pronunciation/Other Names
- (uh loo' shuns)
- Census Designated Place (CDP)
- Borough/Census Area FIPS Code
Geography and Climate
- Based in Sand Point, the borough comprises the westernmost portion of the Alaska Peninsula and a number of Aleutian islands. There are five incorporated cities and two unincorporated villages within the boundaries of the borough.
- The borough lies in the maritime climate zone. Temperatures range from -9 to 76 °F. Annual precipitation averages 33 inches, and annual snowfall averages 52 inches.
- Community Map Available
- Sq Mi Land
- Sq Mi Water
History and Culture
- According to archaeological evidence, the area has been inhabited by the Unanga since the last ice age. Early contact was with Russian fur traders who sought sea otters in these islands. Whaling, fishing, and cannery operations brought an influx of Scandinavian and European fishermen in the early 1900s. During World War II, the area was a strategic military site for the Aleutian Campaign, and many locals were evacuated to Ketchikan.
- The area's rich resources have cultivated an extremely diverse population of non-Natives, Natives, and Asians. The Unanga were called 'Aleut' by Russian traders. Unangas speak the western dialect, and Unangans speak the eastern dialect.
- Federally Recognized Tribe
Facilities, Utilities, and Health Care
- Municipal Facilities & Utilities
- Schools, Borough Office/ School District Building, Finance Office Building
- Several airports are accessible in the borough, and float planes can land in many communities. Marine cargo vessels also provide transportation. The state ferry operates during the summer months. Local transportation is primarily by fishing boats or skiffs, since there are no roads.
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection
- Incorporation Type
- 2nd Class Borough