1st Class City
in the Prince of Wales-Hyder Census Area
- Area Type
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- 2013 DCCED Certified Estimate
- Pronunciation/Other Names
- (high' duh burg)
- Census Designated Place (CDP)
- Borough/Census Area FIPS Code
- Place FIPS
Election, Recording, and Judicial Districts
- Senate District
- House District
- Judicial District
- Recording District
Facilities and Amenities
- Municipal Facilities & Utilities
- Piped Water, Piped Sewar, Refuse Collection, Landfill, Health Clinic, Volunteer Fire, Fire Hall, Schools, Dock, Daycare/Youth Center, Cold Storage, Roads, Public Safety Officer (VPSO)
Geography and Climate
- Hydaburg is located on the southwest coast of Prince of Wales Island, 45 air miles northwest of Ketchikan. It lies 36 road miles west of Hollis, site of the state ferry landing.
- Community Map Available
- Map URL
- Sq Mi Land
- Sq Mi Water
- Prince of Wales Island is dominated by a cool, moist, maritime climate. Summer temperatures range from 49 to 63 °F; winter temperatures range from 32 to 42 °F. Average annual precipitation is 120 inches, with 40 inches of snow.
History and Culture
- During the mid to late 1700s, the Haidas migrated to Prince of Wales, a predominantly Tlingit area, from Graham Island in the Queen Charlotte Islands, Canada. In 1911, three Haida villages combined at the present site (Sukkwan, Howkan, and Klinkwan) for their children to attend school; it was designated as the Hydaburg Indian Reservation in 1912. The new village established a trading company, store, and sawmill. However, the villagers were never comfortable with the arrangement, and, at their request in 1926, the land was restored to its former status as part of the Tongass National Forest. One-hundred-eighty-nine acres of the land were reserved for the school and townsite disposals. Hydaburg was incorporated as a city in 1927, three years after its people had become citizens of the United States. The first fish processing plant opened in 1927, and three other canneries operated through the 1930s. When the Indian Reorganization Act (IRA) was amended in 1936 to include Alaska Natives, Hydaburg became the first village in Alaska to form an IRA council.
- Hydaburg is the largest Haida village in Alaska. Residents maintain a subsistence and commercial fishing lifestyle. A totem park, developed in the 1930s, is located in the village.
- Indigenous Language
- Federally Recognized Tribe
- Name of Federally Recognized Tribe
- Hydaburg Cooperative Association
- Incorporation Type
- 1st Class City
- Public Education
- Must provide the service in accordance with AS 14.
- Planning, Platting and Land Use Regulation
- Must exercise the powers in accordance with AS 29.40.
- Property Tax Powers
- May tax up to 30 mills, except where a higher levy is necessary to avoid default on debt. Voter approval is not required under State law; however, stricter limitations can be imposed at the local level.
- Sales Tax Powers
- No limit on the rate of levy of sales taxes, but voter approval is required.
- Other Powers Not Prohibited
- May exercise other powers not prohibited by law.
- City Council or Assembly Composition and Apportionment
- 6 members elected at-large, except the council may provide for election other than at-large.
- Election and Term of Mayor
- Elected at large for a 3-year term, unless a different term not to exceed 4 years is provided by ordinance.
- Vote by Mayor
- May vote to break a tie vote on the city council.
- Veto Power of the Mayor
- Has veto power, except veto is not permitted of ordinance prohibiting posession of alcohol.
- Power of Eminent Domain
- Permitted by statute.
- Ability to Attain Home-Rule Status
- Voters may adopt home-rule charter.
- Hydaburg has a seaplane base with scheduled flights from Hydaburg that connect in Ketchikan. Hydaburg has a heliport available as well. The city recently completed improvements to the Hydaburg Small Boat Harbor. A road leads to Craig, Klawock and Hollis, where the state ferry docks. Weekly barges from Seattle deliver goods, and cargo is also trucked to Hydaburg from the neighboring sea port communities. Hydaburg now has a Transit system with transit to Craig, Klawock and Hollis.
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection