2nd Class City
in the Northwest Arctic Borough
- Area Type
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- 2013 DCCED Certified Estimate
- Pronunciation/Other Names
- (dear' een)
- Census Designated Place (CDP)
- Borough/Census Area FIPS Code
- Place FIPS
Fisheries Participation and Earnings
Election, Recording, and Judicial Districts
- Senate District
- House District
- Judicial District
- Recording District
- Cape Nome
Facilities and Amenities
- Municipal Facilities & Utilities
- Piped Vaccum Sewer, Water Delivery, School Water, Watering Point, Honey Bucket Haul, Washeteria, Electric, Volunteer Fire, Public Safety Office, Post Office Lease, Health Clinic, Airport Maintenance, Dock, Cable TV, Library, Roads, Ice Roads
Geography and Climate
- Deering is located on Kotzebue Sound at the mouth of the Inmachuk River, 57 miles southwest of Kotzebue. It is built on a flat sand and gravel spit 300 feet wide and a half-mile long.
- Community Map Available
- Map URL
- Sq Mi Land
- Sq Mi Water
- Deering is located in the transitional climate zone, which is characterized by long, cold winters and cool summers. The average low temperature during January is -18 °F. The average high during July is 63 °F. Temperature extremes from a low of -60 to a high of 85 °F have been measured. Annual snowfall averages 36 inches, and total precipitation averages 9 inches per year. Kotzebue Sound is ice-free from early July until mid-October.
History and Culture
- The village was established in 1901 as a supply station for Interior gold mining near the historic Malemiut Eskimo village of "Inmachukmiut." The name Deering was probably taken from the 90-ton schooner "Abbey Deering," which was in nearby waters around 1900. The city was incorporated in 1970.
- The population of the village is primarily Inupiat Eskimo. The people are active in subsistence.
- Indigenous Language
- Federally Recognized Tribe
- Name of Federally Recognized Tribe
- Native Village of Deering
- Local Option Restrictions
- Ban sale and importation of alcohol.
- Incorporation Type
- 2nd Class City
- Public Education
- Not permitted to provide this service.
- Planning, Platting and Land Use Regulation
- Not required to exercise the powers in any circumstance, but may be permitted in all cases in the manner described for first class cities.
- Property Tax Powers
- May tax up to 20 mills, except where a higher levy is required to avoid default. Voter approval required.
- Sales Tax Powers
- No limit on the rate of levy of sales taxes; however, voter approval is required.
- Other Powers Not Prohibited
- May exercise other powers not prohibited by law.
- City Council or Assembly Composition and Apportionment
- 7 members elected at-large, except the council may provide for election other than at-large.
- Election and Term of Mayor
- Elected from the city council for a 1-year term, unless a longer term is provided by ordinance. Mayor selected by council (or by voters upon adoption of ordinance).
- Vote by Mayor
- Votes on all matters.
- Veto Power of the Mayor
- Does not have veto power.
- Power of Eminent Domain
- Permitted, but requires voter approval.
- Ability to Attain Home-Rule Status
- May not adopt home-rule charter without first reclassifying to a first-class city.
- Deering is accessible year-round by plane. A state-owned gravel airstrip, with a gravel crosswind strip, enables flights by several Kotzebue air services. Fuel supplies and goods are delivered yearly by barge. Small boats, ATVs, and snow machines are used for local travel. Winter trails are available to Candle and Buckland.
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection