2nd Class City
in the Wade Hampton Census Area
- Area Type
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- 2013 DCCED Certified Estimate
- Pronunciation/Other Names
- (chee' vack); a.k.a. Kashunamiut
- Census Designated Place (CDP)
- Borough/Census Area FIPS Code
- Place FIPS
Election, Recording, and Judicial Districts
- Senate District
- House District
- Judicial District
- Recording District
Facilities and Amenities
- Municipal Facilities & Utilities
- Watering Point, Piped Water, Piped Sewar, Washeteria, Electric (AVEC), Landfill, Health Clinic, Police and State Funded Public Safety Officer (VPSO), Volunteer Fire, Public Safety Building, Airport (State Contract), Community Center and Bingo
Geography and Climate
- Chevak is located on the north bank of the Niglikfak River, 17 miles east of Hooper Bay in the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta.
- Community Map Available
- Map URL
- Sq Mi Land
- Sq Mi Water
- Chevak has a maritime climate. Its location near the Bering Sea renders the area subject to heavy winds and rain. Temperatures range from -25 to 79 °F. Snowfall averages 60 inches per year. Freeze-up occurs at the end of October. Break-up occurs in June.
History and Culture
- Eskimos have inhabited the region for thousands of years. The current location is also known as New Chevak, because residents inhabited another village called Chevak before 1950. "Old" Chevak, on the north bank of the Keoklevik River, 9 miles east of Hooper Bay, was abandoned because of flooding from high storm tides. The name Chevak refers to "a connecting slough," on which "Old" Chevak was situated. The new site was first reported by the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey in 1948. A post office was established in 1951. The city government was incorporated in 1967.
- Chevak is a Cup'ik Eskimo village. Commercial fishing and subsistence activities are an important part of the local culture.
- Indigenous Language
- Central Yup'ik
- Federally Recognized Tribe
- Name of Federally Recognized Tribe
- Chevak Native Village
- Local Option Restrictions
- Ban sale and importation of alcohol.
- Incorporation Type
- 2nd Class City
- Public Education
- Not permitted to provide this service.
- Planning, Platting and Land Use Regulation
- Not required to exercise the powers in any circumstance, but may be permitted in all cases in the manner described for first class cities.
- Property Tax Powers
- May tax up to 20 mills, except where a higher levy is required to avoid default. Voter approval required.
- Sales Tax Powers
- No limit on the rate of levy of sales taxes; however, voter approval is required.
- Other Powers Not Prohibited
- May exercise other powers not prohibited by law.
- City Council or Assembly Composition and Apportionment
- 7 members elected at-large, except the council may provide for election other than at-large.
- Election and Term of Mayor
- Elected from the city council for a 1-year term, unless a longer term is provided by ordinance. Mayor selected by council (or by voters upon adoption of ordinance).
- Vote by Mayor
- Votes on all matters.
- Veto Power of the Mayor
- Does not have veto power.
- Power of Eminent Domain
- Permitted, but requires voter approval.
- Ability to Attain Home-Rule Status
- May not adopt home-rule charter without first reclassifying to a first-class city.
- Local transportation is done by small boat, small aircraft, ATV, or snow machine. The community is connected by a system of sand and gravel roads, and wooden boardwalks. Trails in the area are utilized for subsistence activities, and winter trails connect to Hooper Bay (17 miles), Scammon Bay (25 miles), and Newtok (50 miles). The airport, completed in 2006, is owned and maintained by the State of Alaska. The airstrip provides regional charter and private air access year-round. As of 2014, the community was seeking funds to widen and extend the runway. Seaplanes have the use of a dock. Each spring the community experiences flooding that adversely affects major traffic areas within town.
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection