2nd Class City
in the Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area
- Area Type
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- 2013 DCCED Certified Estimate
- Pronunciation/Other Names
- (gray' leen)
- Census Designated Place (CDP)
- Borough/Census Area FIPS Code
- Place FIPS
Fisheries Participation and Earnings
Election, Recording, and Judicial Districts
- Senate District
- House District
- Judicial District
- Recording District
Facilities and Amenities
- Municipal Facilities & Utilities
- Piped Water, Piped Sewar, Washeteria, Electric(AVEC), Landfill, Health Clinic, Post Office(Federal Contract), Volunteer Fire, Dock, Roads
Geography and Climate
- Grayling is located in Interior Alaska on the west bank of the Yukon River, east of the Nulato Hills. It is 18 air miles north of Anvik.
- Community Map Available
- Map URL
- Sq Mi Land
- Sq Mi Water
- The climate of Grayling is continental, with long, cold winters and relatively warm summers. Temperature extremes range between -60 to 87 °F. Annual snowfall averages 110 inches, with 21 inches of total precipitation. The Yukon River is ice-free from June through October.
History and Culture
- In 1900, the U.S. Revenue steamer Nunivak reported 75 inhabitants, a store, and a large woodyard to supply steamers. Between 1962 and 1966, 25 families moved from Holikachuk on the Innoko River to Grayling. Holikachuk was prone to annual spring flooding, and low water levels made the return trip from Yukon fish camps each year difficult. The city government was incorporated in 1969.
- The population of Grayling is comprised of Holikachuk and Ingalik Indians. Subsistence activities are important to villagers' livelihoods.
- Indigenous Language
- Federally Recognized Tribe
- Name of Federally Recognized Tribe
- Organized Village of Grayling
- Local Option Restrictions
- Sale of alcohol is banned.
- Incorporation Type
- 2nd Class City
- Public Education
- Not permitted to provide this service.
- Planning, Platting and Land Use Regulation
- Not required to exercise the powers in any circumstance, but may be permitted in all cases in the manner described for first class cities.
- Property Tax Powers
- May tax up to 20 mills, except where a higher levy is required to avoid default. Voter approval required.
- Sales Tax Powers
- No limit on the rate of levy of sales taxes; however, voter approval is required.
- Other Powers Not Prohibited
- May exercise other powers not prohibited by law.
- City Council or Assembly Composition and Apportionment
- 7 members elected at-large, except the council may provide for election other than at-large.
- Election and Term of Mayor
- Elected from the city council for a 1-year term, unless a longer term is provided by ordinance. Mayor selected by council (or by voters upon adoption of ordinance).
- Vote by Mayor
- Votes on all matters.
- Veto Power of the Mayor
- Does not have veto power.
- Power of Eminent Domain
- Permitted, but requires voter approval.
- Ability to Attain Home-Rule Status
- May not adopt home-rule charter without first reclassifying to a first-class city.
- In summer, access to Grayling is by air, riverboat, or barge. The state owns and operates gravel runway. No roads connect Grayling with other communities. Skiffs are used for transportation up and down the river during summer. Every other year, Grayling is a checkpoint on the annual 1,049 mile Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race. Many supplies including groceries and other small items are bought in by airplane.
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection