Unincorporated, located within Juneau
in the City and Borough of Juneau - CBJ
- Area Type
- Place of Interest
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- (ANVSA July 2013 estimate)
- Pronunciation/Other Names
- (dug' luss); also see Juneau
- Community's Judicial District
- Census Designated Place (CDP)
Geography and Climate
- Douglas lies within the City & Borough of Juneau, on the northeast coast of Douglas Island. The Gastineau Channel is traversed by the Juneau-Douglas Bridge. Locally, the Douglas area refers to the southern end of the island, although it contains only half of the island's population.
- Juneau has a mild, maritime climate. Average summer temperatures range from 44 to 65 °F; winter temperatures range from 25 to 35 °F. It is in the mildest climate zone in Alaska. Annual precipitation averages 92 inches in downtown Juneau and 54 inches ten miles north at the airport. Annual snowfall averages 101 inches.
- Community Map Available
- Sq Mi Land
- Sq Mi Water
History and Culture
- Prior to the 1880s, Douglas Island was considered a permanent winter site for the Taku Indians (Yanyeidi, Sit?kweidi, L?eeneidi and Gaanax.adi). It became a federally recognized Native village in the late 1880s. The island's earliest recorded name was Edwardsville, perhaps for H.H. Edwards, a miner and resident. The town of Douglas originated in 1881 to service mining activities and became an incorporated city in 1902. Also founded in 1881, nearby Treadwell was established 1.2 miles southeast of Douglas. It was a company town and incorporated as a city from 1901 through 1912. The Treadwell and Ready Bullion mines on Douglas Island became world-scale mines, operating from 1882 to 1917. In 1917 a cave-in and flood closed the Treadwell mine. It produced $66 million in gold in its 35 years of operation. The City of Douglas was unified with the City of Juneau in 1970.
- Douglas lies within the City & Borough of Juneau, on the northeast coast of Douglas Island. As the state capital, Juneau is supported largely by state and federal employment and by tourists cruising the Inside Passage. It is the third largest community in Alaska. Douglas Indian Association represents the Tlingits that have historically occupied the area.
- Federally Recognized Tribe
- Name of Federally Recognized Tribe
- Douglas Indian Association
Facilities, Utilities, and Health Care
- Douglas is an island that is connected by a bridge to Juneau. A road runs approxiamtely nine miles from Sandy Beach to the north end of the island. There are several recreational boat launches available and trails on the island. Douglas harbor offers space for boats. Access to Eaglecrest Ski area is also available from the North Doughlas Highway. The residential areas on the south part of the island are connected to the CBJ public transportation system.
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection