Unincorporated, located within Juneau
in the City and Borough of Juneau - CBJ
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- (ANVSA July 2013 estimate)
- Pronunciation/Other Names
- (DUG-luss); also see Juneau
- Community's Judicial District
Geography and Climate
- Douglas lies within the City & Borough of Juneau, on the northeast coast of Douglas Island. The Gastineau Channel is traversed by the Juneau-Douglas Bridge. Locally, the Douglas area refers to the southern end of the island, although it contains only half of the island's population.
- Juneau has a mild, maritime climate. Average summer temperatures range from 44 to 65 °F; winter temperatures range from 25 to 35 °F. It is in the mildest climate zone in Alaska. Annual precipitation averages 92 inches in downtown Juneau and 54 inches ten miles north at the airport. Annual snowfall averages 101 inches.
- Community Map Available
- Sq Mi Land
- Sq Mi Water
History and Culture
- The island's earliest recorded name was Edwardsville, perhaps for H.H. Edwards, a miner and resident. Douglas originated in 1881 to service mining activities and became an incorporated city in 1902. Also founded in 1881, nearby Treadwell was established 1.2 miles southeast of Douglas. It was a company town and incorporated as a city from 1901 through 1912. The Treadwell and Ready Bullion mines on Douglas Island became world-scale mines, operating from 1882 to 1917. In 1917 a cave-in and flood closed the Treadwell mine. It produced $66 million in gold in its 35 years of operation. The City of Douglas was unified with the City of Juneau in 1970.
- As the state capital, Juneau is supported largely by state and federal employment and by tourists cruising the Inside Passage. It is the third largest community in Alaska. Douglas Indian Association represents the Tlingits that have historically occupied the area.
- Federally Recognized Tribe
- Name of Federally Recognized Tribe
- Douglas Indian Association
Facilities, Utilities, and Health Care
- Juneau is accessible only by air and sea. Scheduled jet flights and air taxis are available at the municipal-owned Juneau International Airport. The airport includes a paved 8,456' runway and a seaplane landing area. Marine facilities include a seaplane landing area at Juneau Harbor, two deep draft docks, five small boat harbors, and a state ferry terminal. The Alaska Marine Highway System and cargo barges provide year-round services.
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection