2nd Class City
in the Denali Borough
- Area Type
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- 2013 DCCED Certified Estimate
- Pronunciation/Other Names
- includes Clear Air Station
- Census Designated Place (CDP)
- Borough/Census Area FIPS Code
- Place FIPS
Election, Recording, and Judicial Districts
- Senate District
- House District
- Judicial District
- Recording District
Facilities and Amenities
- Municipal Facilities & Utilities
- Sewage Lagoon, Volunteer Fire/EMS, Ambulance, Health Clinic, Riverside Park, Parks & Recreation, Gravel Sales, Building Rental, Dept. of Motor Vehicles, Fish & Game Licences
Geography and Climate
- Anderson lies on a spur road that spans 6 miles west off the George Parks Highway, 76 miles southwest of Fairbanks and 285 miles north of Anchorage. Clear Air Force Station is located within the city boundaries.
- Community Map Available
- Sq Mi Land
- Sq Mi Water
- Anderson has a cold, continental climate with maritime influences in the summer. The average high temperature range during July is from 66 to 70 °F. The average low temperature range during January is -6 to -24 °F. Extreme temperatures have been measured, ranging from a low of -63 to a high of 98 °F. Average annual precipitation is 12.7 inches, and average annual snowfall is 49.3 inches.
History and Culture
- The city is named for Arthur Anderson, one of several homesteaders who originally settled in the area in the late 1950s. In 1959, Mr. Anderson subdivided his 80-acre homestead into quarter-acre lots for sale. Most of these lots were purchased by civilian workers from Clear Air Force Station, a ballistic missile early warning site that was completed in 1961. An elementary school was established in the community in 1961, and Anderson incorporated as a city in 1962. A road was completed between Anderson and Nenana, which allowed easy access to Fairbanks. Vehicles were ferried across the Tanana River at Nenana until 1968, when a $6 million steel bridge was completed. By 1971, the George Parks Highway was constructed, which enabled road access to Anchorage.
- Most of Anderson's residents are non-Native military personnel or civilian employees of Clear Air Force Station and their families. Nearly one-third of all residents live in Clear AFS group quarters.
- Federally Recognized Tribe
- Incorporation Type
- 2nd Class City
- Public Education
- Not permitted to provide this service.
- Planning, Platting and Land Use Regulation
- Not required to exercise the powers in any circumstance, but may be permitted in all cases in the manner described for first class cities.
- Property Tax Powers
- May tax up to 20 mills, except where a higher levy is required to avoid default. Voter approval required.
- Sales Tax Powers
- No limit on the rate of levy of sales taxes; however, voter approval is required.
- Other Powers Not Prohibited
- May exercise other powers not prohibited by law.
- City Council or Assembly Composition and Apportionment
- 7 members elected at-large, except the council may provide for election other than at-large.
- Election and Term of Mayor
- Elected from the city council for a 1-year term, unless a longer term is provided by ordinance. Mayor selected by council (or by voters upon adoption of ordinance).
- Vote by Mayor
- Votes on all matters.
- Veto Power of the Mayor
- Does not have veto power.
- Power of Eminent Domain
- Permitted, but requires voter approval.
- Ability to Attain Home-Rule Status
- May not adopt home-rule charter without first reclassifying to a first-class city.
- Anderson is located about 55 air miles (76 driving miles) southwest of Fairbanks. The 6 mile access road runs west from the George Parks Highway at Mile Post 283.5. The Alaska Railroad runs close to Anderson but doesn't have a station there. Most goods are brought in by truck. A state-owned, lighted asphalt runway is located at Clear Airport, 4 miles south of town along the access road. Charters and private aircraft serve the airstrip. A private dirt strip is located at Clear Sky Lodge. Lost Slough, a large slough of the Nenana River, is located less than a mile west of town. It is used for fishing, but the river is too shallow for cargo transportation.
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection