2nd Class City
in the Wade Hampton Census Area
- Area Type
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- 2013 DCCED Certified Estimate
- Pronunciation/Other Names
- Census Designated Place (CDP)
- Borough/Census Area FIPS Code
- Place FIPS
Election, Recording, and Judicial Districts
- Senate District
- House District
- Judicial District
- Recording District
Facilities and Amenities
- Municipal Facilities & Utilities
- Piped Water, Piped Sewar, Landfill, Electric (AVEC), Dock, Public Safety Facility, Volunteer Fire, Fuel Deliverys, Cable TV, Bingo
Geography and Climate
- Pilot Station is located on the northwest bank of the Yukon River, 11 miles east of St. Mary's and 26 miles west of Marshall on the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta.
- Community Map Available
- Map URL
- Sq Mi Land
- Sq Mi Water
- The climate is maritime, averaging 60 inches of snowfall with 16 inches of precipitation per year. Temperatures can range from -44 to 83 °F. The Lower Yukon is ice-free from mid-June through October.
History and Culture
- The village was first called "Ankachak" and was later moved one-third of a mile upriver to a site called "Potiliuk." The old village site of Kurgpallermuit is located nearby. This village is a designated historic place -- it was occupied during the bow and arrow wars between the Yukon and Coastal Eskimos. According to locals, the Chevak and Pilot Station people periodically fought when the coastal people traveled up the Kashunak River. A Russian Orthodox church was built in the early 1900s and is one of the oldest structures in the region. R.H. Sargent of the U.S. Geological Survey first noted the village name of Pilot Station in 1916. Local riverboat pilots who used the village as a checkpoint were responsible for this name change. The community incorporated as a second-class city in 1969.
- Pilot Station is a Yup'ik Eskimo village dependent upon a fishing and subsistence lifestyle.
- Indigenous Language
- Central Yup'ik
- Federally Recognized Tribe
- Name of Federally Recognized Tribe
- Pilot Station Traditional Village
- Local Option Restrictions
- Ban sale and importation of alcohol.
- Incorporation Type
- 2nd Class City
- Public Education
- Not permitted to provide this service.
- Planning, Platting and Land Use Regulation
- Not required to exercise the powers in any circumstance, but may be permitted in all cases in the manner described for first class cities.
- Property Tax Powers
- May tax up to 20 mills, except where a higher levy is required to avoid default. Voter approval required.
- Sales Tax Powers
- No limit on the rate of levy of sales taxes; however, voter approval is required.
- Other Powers Not Prohibited
- May exercise other powers not prohibited by law.
- City Council or Assembly Composition and Apportionment
- 7 members elected at-large, except the council may provide for election other than at-large.
- Election and Term of Mayor
- Elected from the city council for a 1-year term, unless a longer term is provided by ordinance. Mayor selected by council (or by voters upon adoption of ordinance).
- Vote by Mayor
- Votes on all matters.
- Veto Power of the Mayor
- Does not have veto power.
- Power of Eminent Domain
- Permitted, but requires voter approval.
- Ability to Attain Home-Rule Status
- May not adopt home-rule charter without first reclassifying to a first-class city.
- A state-owned gravel airstrip is available. Air transportation is the primary means for freight and mail service, as well as passenger travel. The nearby village of St. Mary's is a hub for freight and mail, and Bethel is a hub for passenger travel. Heavy winds of up to 50 mph are common during fall and winter. Funds were awarded to relocate the airport runway. Construction began in 2011 and is scheduled to be complete in 2014. Pilot Station is also easily accessible by river-going vessels. Barges deliver fuel and other bulk supplies during the summer. Skiffs and snowmobiles provide inter-village transportation. There are no roads to surrounding communities. However, winter trails are used by residents to travel to surrounding communities and subsistence sites.
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection